Bio-Fuels – Are They A Good Thing Or Not?

The likely of biomass as an energy seed is great: professionals have measured that the earth produces eight times more biomass each year than its energy needs overall (though it currently puts only 7 percent of that usable resource to use in energy production). It’s not only a renewable resource, it’s also a apparently inevitable one; to paraphrase a common aphorism, biomass happens.

Any fuel created from biomass can be called bio fuel, although the term gets the most media attention when used to denote biomass-based fuels that power inner combustion engines especially cars. These include bio diesel, bio butanol, biogas and bio ethanol. The fuels can be created from plant materials specifically grown for the purpose or from the recycling or re-use of other biomass resources.

Around the world there are over hundreds fo individual dendro-energy resources alone, from abies balasamea(balsam fir) to Zizania aquatica (wild Rica). In countries with no proven reserves of fossil fuels, investments and research in vendor-energy resources have helped otherwise energy-poor nations such as Sri Lanka develop alternatives to costly and politically dependent imports, giving a whole new meaning to the phrase “power plant.”

Energy crops add fewer emissions to the air and water provide than do petroleum products in general and coal in particular. Energy crops carry almost no sulfur and far excluding nitrogen than fossil fuels, so their combustion does not contribute to acid rain and smog (sulfur dioxide, or SO2) and smog (nitrogen oxides, or NOx). And unlike fossil fuels, they do not have significant quantities of mercury to leach into the water supply. In common, energy crops do not release nearly the amount of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as anthropogenic sources (that is, human-made concoctions such as natural gas, gasoline, solvents, pesticides, and paints).

There are biogenic sources of VOCs, yet, and these do represent significant contributors. Pine and citrus trees, for example, release large quantities of isoprene (a chemical compound found naturally in plants and animals, including humans, isoprene is nevertheless a pollutant, especially as it contributes to the production of ozone) and terrenes (a family of hydrocarbons that are the major components of resin and, not surprisingly, turpentine), although these trees are used as biomass.

Another way in which biomass gets put to use as an energy source is through recycling biodegradable materials or water products. Manufacture and agribusiness are chief sources of biodegradable by-products, but every household generates potentially useful biomass. On a large scale, manufacturers and other industrial and commercial services generate biodegradable materials they no longer need.

Jeff Sokol is an author, and an expert in making cheap bio fuels like ethanol and bio diesel.Click here to make your own Fuel!

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